Dating in muscat
Known since the early 1st century CE as an important trading port between the west and the east, Muscat was ruled by various indigenous tribes as well as foreign powers such as the Persians, the Portuguese Empire, the Iberian Union and the Ottoman Empire at various points in its history.
Evidence of communal activity in the area around Muscat dates back to the 6th millennium BCE in Ras al-Hamra, where burial sites of fishermen have been found.
Muscat and Muttrah were attacked by tribes from the interior in 1895 and again in 1915.
A tentative ceasefire was brokered by the British, which gave the interior more autonomy.
The Turks twice captured Muscat from the Portuguese, in the Capture of Muscat (1552) and 1581-88.
The election of Nasir bin Murshid Al-Ya'rubi as Imam of Oman in 1624 changed the balance of power again in the region, from the Persians and the Portuguese to local Omanis.
A regional military power in the 18th century, Muscat's influence extended as far as East Africa and Zanzibar.