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Second, their worship was directed to Christ, demonstrating that they firmly believed in His divinity. Apparently Jesus’ miracles were too well attested to deny.
Furthermore, one scholar interprets Pliny’s statement that hymns were sung to Christ, , as a reference to the rather distinctive fact that, “unlike other gods who were worshipped, Christ was a person who had lived on earth.” If this interpretation is correct, Pliny understood that Christians were worshipping an actual historical person as God! The only alternative was to ascribe them to sorcery!
Although there is overwhelming evidence that the New Testament is an accurate and trustworthy historical document, many people are still reluctant to believe what it says unless there is also some independent, non-biblical testimony that corroborates its statements. This, he wrote to Bruce, had caused him “great concern and some little upset in [his] spiritual life.” He concludes his letter by asking, “Is such collateral proof available, and if not, are there reasons for the lack of it? Notice, first, that Tacitus reports Christians derived their name from a historical person called Christus (from the Latin), or Christ. Actually, “Yeshu” (or “Yeshua”) is how Jesus’ name is pronounced in Hebrew. But the term “hanged” can function as a synonym for “crucified.” For instance, Galatians declares that Christ was “hanged”, and Luke applies this term to the criminals who were crucified with Jesus.
Bruce tells about a Christian correspondent who was told by an agnostic friend that “apart from obscure references in Josephus and the like,” there was no historical evidence for the life of Jesus outside the Bible. What all can we learn from this ancient (and rather unsympathetic) reference to Jesus and the early Christians? There are only a few clear references to Jesus in the Babylonian Talmud, a collection of Jewish rabbinical writings compiled between approximately A. In the case of the Talmud, the earliest period of compilation occurred between A. For forty days before the execution took place, a herald . You may have noticed that it refers to someone named “Yeshu.” So why do we think this is Jesus?
This James, says Josephus, was “the brother of Jesus the so-called Christ.” F. Bruce points out how this agrees with Paul’s description of James in Galatians as “the Lord’s brother.” And Edwin Yamauchi informs us that “few scholars have questioned” that Josephus actually penned this passage. In one of his works, he wrote of the early Christians as follows: The Christians . First, both Josephus and Lucian indicate that Jesus was regarded as wise. Anderson, Christianity: The Witness of History (London: Tyndale, 1969), 19, cited in Gary R. 96, cited in Bruce, Christian Origins, 25; Habermas, The Historical Jesus, 198.
As interesting as this brief reference is, there is an earlier one, which is truly astonishing. Second, Pliny, the Talmud, and Lucian imply He was a powerful and revered teacher. Habermas, The Historical Jesus (Joplin, Missouri: College Press Publishing Company, 1996), 189-190. Edwin Yamauchi, cited in Strobel, The Case for Christ, 82.
This information is shared with social media services, sponsorship, analytics and other third-party service providers. Sixth, Josephus records that Jesus’ followers believed He was the Christ, or Messiah. Bruce, Jesus and Christian Origins Outside the New Testament (Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. And finally, both Pliny and Lucian indicate that Christians worshipped Jesus as God! This passage provides us with a number of interesting insights into the beliefs and practices of early Christians. Interestingly, both accusations have close parallels in the canonical gospels. First, we see that Christians regularly met on a certain fixed day for worship. For instance, the charge of sorcery is similar to the Pharisees’ accusation that Jesus cast out demons “by Beelzebul the ruler of the demons.” But notice this: such a charge actually tends to confirm the New Testament claim that Jesus performed miraculous feats.
Most scholars think the core of the passage originated with Josephus, but that it was later altered by a Christian editor, possibly between the third and fourth century A. For instance, the claim that Jesus was a wise man seems authentic, but the qualifying phrase, “! Josephus, Antiquities 18.63-64, cited in Yamauchi, “Jesus Outside the New Testament”, 212. The passage is interesting because it lacks most of the questionable elements that many scholars believe to be Christian interpolations. III, Sanhedrin 43a, 281, cited in Habermas, The Historical Jesus, 203.